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Political Apologies and Reparations Document List Details

Vienna Buries Child Victims Of the Nazis

Author: Steven Erlanger
Source: New York Times (Link)
Date: 29 April 2002
View Related Articles
Document Type: Press
Donor: Vienna,Austria Event Date: ca. 1940-1945
Recipient: Victims (Holocaust) Reparation Date: 29 April 2002

During Austria's WWII occupation by Nazi Germany, nearly 800 physically and mentally handicapped Austrian and German children were used as test subjects in brutal medical experiments conducted in Vienna at the Am Spiegelgrund clinic.  In an attempt to research the "master race," Viennese physicians conducted experiments in congenital and hereditary abnormalities, and were then killed when the experiments ran their course.


The bodies of the victims were released for burial.


The article discusses a memorial service for the child-victims of the experiments, provides background about the laboratory, and describes the modern dialogue about the experiments.


A researcher in the laboratory, Heinrich Gross, used the preserved brains of these children to continue researching these abnormalities, and was, in 1966, awarded a high state medal for services to Austria.  The remains of the children were held until he was decided to be incompetent to stand trial for his wartime participation in the research.


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