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Political Apologies and Reparations Document List Details

Bush: No Apology to Japan for A-Bombs

Author: Staff
Source: Washington Post (Link)
Date: 02 December 1991
View Related Articles
Document Type: Press
Donor: United States Event Date: 6 August 1945; 9 August 1945
Recipient: Japan Reparation Date: 2 December 1991

On 6 August and 9 August 1945, following four years of open war with Japan and for the official purpose of ending World War II in the Pacific Theatre, the United States dropped an atomic bomb on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki; an estimated 120,000 individuals, mostly civilians, were killed immediately, and perhaps as many as 250,000 others died over time as a result of radiation poisoning and other nuclear-related illnesses. The American nuclear bombings in Japan were the first and only nuclear attacks in human history, and are widely regarded to be the catalyst for the Japanese imperial government's unconditional surrender to the Allies, which occurred only six days after the second bombing.

In December 1991, the Japanese parliament considered passing a resolution to apologize to the United States for its bombing of Pearl Harbor in 1941. In response, the Japanese public and several Japanese politicians demanded that, in exchange for a Pearl Harbor apology, the United States issue an apology for the nuclear bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.


US President George Bush insists that he will not apologize to Japan for the atomic bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki; he defends the bombings by claiming the acts spared millions of American lives.


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