This website is maintained by Rhoda E. Howard-Hassmann, Canada Research Chair in International Human Rights at Wilfrid Laurier University, Canada. It is funded by the Canada Foundation for Innovation. Our purpose is to provide access to documents about political apologies and reparations. We also hope to provide access to press commentary, and establish an academic working papers series. For further information, please click the "About this Site" button in the top navigation bar.

Contact Us:

email: political-apologies@wlu.ca
phone: 519.884.0710
           ext: 3185

For media inquiries please contact Dr Howard-Hassmann directly at hassmann@wlu.ca

Wilfrid Laurier University
75 University Ave. West,
Waterloo, ON, Canada
N2L 3C5

Political Apologies and Reparations About This Site

About this Site

Dr. Rhoda E. Howard-Hassmann Welcome to the Political Apologies and Reparations Website. This website was conceived and created by Rhoda E. Howard-Hassmann, Canada Research Chair in International Human Rights at Wilfrid Laurier University and the Balsillie School of Internation Affairs in Waterloo, Ontario, Canada. Website infrastructure was financed by the Canada Foundation for Innovation, and the website is located on the server of Wilfrid Laurier University. The website contains inormation on apologies offered up to June 30, 2015.  We have not added any apologies since then.

In its early stages, Michael Lisetto-Smith was senior research assistant and technical advisor; he also drew up the users' manual. Other research assistants involved in creating this website are, in chronological order since 2003, Ryan Chapman, Gregory Eady, James Gaede, Leslie Tallyn, Keith Calow, Stefanie Bujnowski, Matthew Foster, Kwan-Sen Wen, Josh Cummings, Elizabeth Baisley, Andrew Basso, David Clement, Dr. Yehonatan Alshen and Farah Omran.

We are most grateful to Mark Gibney of the University of North Carolina, Asheville, North Carolina, and Graham Dodds of Concordia University, Montreal, for allowing us to use their own files and documents on political apologies. Dr. Dodds's interest in political apologies dates from 1999, when he was commissioned by the University of Pennsylvania's Penn National Commission to create a comprehensive chronological list of political apologies. Since then, he has published his study and has periodically updated the list.

This is a publicly accessible website that is free of charge. We hope that it will be useful to academics, the press, policy makers and the wider public. Our focus is on political apologies and reparations. We define political apologies broadly as apologies by a political or social entity (governments, religious organizations, or other bodies) for events that have harmed identifiable groups. We define reparations as financial reparations, return of property such as art works, symbolic reparations such as creations of museums and monuments, and acknowledgements of atrocities such as opening up of mass graves.

We have created archival descriptions of each document that we have found relating to political apologies and reparations. We provide these descriptions for your use. Wherever possible we also provide links either to a press account of the apology or reparation, to a primary document about it, or to both. (Please see "terms of use").

Please note that links sometimes change, or can no longer be accessed; the older the entry, the more likely that the link cannot be acccessed. If you find that a link is inaccessible or cannot be found elsewhere on the Internet, please notify me at hassmann@wlu.ca and I will try send you a scanned copy of the document you are looking for. Please also note that I am not responsible for the veracity of any document to which we provide links. Nor do we necessarily endorse the political or other views of any writers of any of the documents to which we provide links.

Users of this website are cautioned that summary descriptive text about specific apologies and/or reparations is for general background information only. It is designed to provide context for the linked documents, not to be used as authoritative descriptions or as a substitute for users' own primary research. While every effort is made to ensure the accuracy and fairness of the summaries and comments provided, users are urged to perform their own research regarding the background to the events in question and to consult the linked documents directly.

Please cite this website as Rhoda E. Howard-Hassmann, Editor, Political Apologies and Reparations Website, Wilfrid Laurier University, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada, http://political-apologies.wlu.ca.

Please direct any comments or inquiries to hassmann@wlu.ca

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