About this Site
Welcome to the Political Apologies and Reparations Website. This website was conceived and created by, and is maintained by, Rhoda E. Howard-Hassmann, Canada Research Chair in International Human Rights at Wilfrid Laurier University in Waterloo, Ontario, Canada. Website infrastructure was financed by the Canada Foundation for Innovation, and the website is located on the server of Wilfrid Laurier University. Ongoing research on content for the website is financed by Dr. Howard-Hassmann's Canada Research Chair.
Brenda Mann is project administrator of this website. In its early stages, Michael Lisetto-Smith was senior research assistant and technical advisor; he also drew up the users' manual. Other research assistants involved in creating this website are, in chronological order since 2003, Ryan Chapman, Gregory Eady, James Gaede, Leslie Tallyn, Keith Calow, Stefanie Bujnowski, Matthew Foster, Kwan-Sen Wen, Josh Cummings, Elizabeth Baisley, and Andrew Basso.
We are most grateful to Mark Gibney of the University of North Carolina, Asheville, North Carolina, and Graham Dodds of Concordia University, Montreal, for allowing us to use their own files and documents on political apologies. Dr. Dodds's interest in political apologies dates from 1999, when he was commissioned by the University of Pennsylvania's Penn National Commission to create a comprehensive chronological list of political apologies. Since then, he has published his study and has periodically updated the list.
This is a publicly accessible website that is free of charge. We hope that it will be useful to academics, the press, policy makers and the wider public. Our focus is on political apologies and reparations. We define political apologies broadly as apologies by a political or social entity (governments, religious organizations, or other bodies) for events that have harmed identifiable groups. We define reparations as financial reparations, return of property such as art works, symbolic reparations such as creations of museums and monuments, and acknowledgements of atrocities such as opening up of mass graves.
Please note that links sometimes change, or can no longer be accessed. We try to replace links whenever we can. If you find that a link is inaccessible or cannot be found elsewhere on the Internet, please notify us at firstname.lastname@example.org: we will send you a hard copy of the document if we can. Please also note that we are not responsible for the veracity of any document to which we provide links. Nor do we necessarily endorse the political or other views of any writers of any of the documents to which we provide links.
Users of this website are cautioned that summary descriptive text about specific apologies and/or reparations is for general background information only. It is designed to provide context for the linked documents, not to be used as authoritative descriptions or as a substitute for users' own primary research. While every effort is made to ensure the accuracy and fairness of the summaries and comments provided, users are urged to perform their own research regarding the background to the events in question and to consult the linked documents directly.
If you are looking for a an apology, reparation, or document(s) about it, and can't find it on this website, please contact us at email@example.com. If you know of or have a copy of a document that you think we should include, please contact us and if possible, provide an electronic copy of the document.
Please cite this website as Rhoda E. Howard-Hassmann, Editor, Political Apologies and Reparations Website, Wilfrid Laurier University, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada, http://political-apologies.wlu.ca.
Please direct any comments to firstname.lastname@example.org.